There are a number of conditions that can affect the hand, wrist and fingers. Many of these have a negative impact on quality of life, especially when the hands are used for nearly every daily task. Our team can successfully treat congenital defects, physical trauma, or conditions resulting from a primary health concerns.
Contact us online today to learn more about your treatment options for hand surgery. The Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery of Central Texas helps men and women from Austin, Round Rock and throughout Texas restore hand and wrist functionality with reconstructive surgery.
Despite its name, boutonnière deformity is not a congenital deformity. Instead, an injury to the tendons prevents the finger from straightening out all the way. Arthritis can also cause boutonnière deformity. The middle joint ends up bending down, while the fingertip points backward. Without prompt treatment, the condition may become permanent. Surgery can repair the condition if conservative treatments like splinting haven’t helped. Surgery can also repair a severed tendon to allow finger movement again.
Mallet Finger Deformity
Sometimes called baseball finger, a mallet finger deformity is diagnosed when an extensor tendon is damaged. This tendon, used to straighten the finger, is then no longer able to function properly so the finger or thumb stays bent. The injury itself is often painful, causing bruising and swelling and may cause the nail to become detached. A proper diagnosis is needed to rule out the possibility of a fracture. Relief may be found through splinting. However, more serious injuries require surgery to repair.
Radial Tunnel Syndrome
The symptoms of radial tunnel syndrome are very similar to tennis elbow, which makes proper diagnosis and treatment challenging. Radial tunnel syndrome occurs when the radial nerve is compressed as it passes through the radial tunnel near the elbow. Nonsurgical treatments include activity modification, or wearing a special elbow splint. Surgery is recommended if these approaches fail. The surgery relieves nerve pressure, and is followed up with hand therapy to ensure proper healing.
Spastic Muscle Conditions
There are a number of spastic muscle conditions that can affect the hand and forearm. Some of these can occur due to injury or overuse. Other times, muscle spasms may be present as the result of a more primary health condition. Surgery can be performed to release the affected tendon. Surgery can also interrupt the nerve pathway by severing or removing part of the nerve that causes the muscle spasms.
Swan Neck Deformity
A swan neck deformity is the inability to straighten the finger, and is seen most often in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Swan neck deformities can also be caused by injuries or other inflammatory conditions. In some cases, congenital conditions can cause swan neck deformity. Surgery reconstructs the tendons and ligaments responsible around the affected joint. In some cases, an artificial joint replacement is necessary to restore full range of motion. Alternatively, the joint may be fused together to prevent further discomfort.
Upper Extremity Tumors
Tumors of the upper extremities may be benign or malignant, although most hand tumors are not cancerous. If the growth occurs on or near a joint, movement is impaired. Tumors that put pressure on nearby nerves cause pain, numbness or tingling in the area. Surgery removes the tumor for either health or cosmetic reasons. The surrounding internal structures and skin may need reconstructive surgery following the tumor removal to restore full function and aesthetics.
Vascular disorders of the hand may be caused by more primary health concerns, like tumors or circulatory disorders. There are also vascular disorders that specifically affect the hand, like Reynaud’s disease. Symptoms vary, and can range from numbness and tingling to pain, and even changes in skin color. Many vascular disorders respond to nonsurgical treatments like prescription medications. However, surgery may be recommended for severe cases or when a conservative approach fails to work.
Contact us online today to learn more about your options for hand surgery. The Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery of Central Texas helps men and women from Austin, Round Rock and throughout Texas to improve their quality of life by minimizing painful symptoms and restoring function and aesthetics.